5 STERILIZATION TRUTHS AND MYTHS

1 - We should only sterilize the females after having at least one litter
MYTH.

There is no evidence to bring any benefit to the dog or cat having a litter, on the contrary and in some cases it can be a risk factor. Sterilizing brings very significant gains in health and well-being.

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2 - Sterilization reduces the possibility of breast tumors.
TRUTH.

Sterilization to reduce the likelihood of developing breast tumors should be done before the first heat, before the mammary glands are fully developed. In dogs the incidence of tumors is about 26% and when sterilized before the first heat, it drops to 0.5%. In cats, if sterilized before 6 months, the incidence decrease is 90%.

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3 - Sterilization prevents pyometra (infection in the uterus), a problem that can put the animal's life at risk
TRUTH.


Pyometra is a bacterial infection that can be fatal and lodges in the uterus, more common in adult and geriatric females and is directly related to the production of the hormone progesterone which is increased during estrus. In the case of a pyometra (medical emergency) the solution is sterilized.
Thus, early sterilization prevents the appearance of pyometria.

4 - The sterilized animal becomes obese
MYTH.

Sterilization causes less energy expenditure by the animal and a change in metabolism may occur, which increases the ease with which they gain weight, however with a diet indicated for sterilized animals (usually less caloric), control of quantities supplied to the animal and adequate physical exercise make the weight easily maintained.

5 - Sterilization prolongs the animal's life
TRUTH.

Since sterilization prevents various diseases in animals, it also allows the animals' lives to be prolonged.